Leg cramps occur when the muscles of your calf or foot suddenly tighten and become hard and painful. The sharp pain can last anywhere from a few seconds to a few minutes, with residual pain that can linger for hours. While leg cramps can have several causes, one of the most common reasons they occur is because of poor circulation due to conditions such as chronic vein insufficiency (CVI).
When vein valves fail and blood pools in the lower legs—restricting the flow of essential nutrients and oxygen—it causes a build-up of lactic acid in muscle tissue, causing the muscles to contract.
Who Is at Risk?
Though leg cramps from CVI can happen to anyone, those who are most at risk include women over 50 and people who spend a majority of the day on their feet. Other risk factors include obesity, high blood pressure, a sedentary lifestyle, and a family history of CVI.
How Can You Treat Leg Cramps?
When leg cramps are caused by CVI, the only long-term solution is a minimally invasive procedure that will treat the underlying condition. We offer several highly-effective treatment options, including:
- Ambulatory phlebectomy
- Ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy
- Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
For immediate relief, we suggest gently massaging or stretching your calf and lower leg muscles. Many also find relief from wearing compression stockings, which help encourage healthy blood flow. To help drain pooling blood, we recommend elevating your feet several times a day for 15-30 minutes at a time.
You don’t have to live with leg cramps that wake you up at night. Reach out to discover your treatment options today!